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Table 1 Model parameters

From: Kinematic difference between a biological cell and an artificial vesicle in a strong DC electric field – a “shell” membrane model study

Parameters Standard value Lower limit Upper limit
Extracellular conductivity (σ 0, S/m) 0.3 0.01 5
Extracellular dielectric permittivity (ε 0, As/Vm) 6.4 × 10−10 - -
Membrane conductivity (σ 1, S/m) 1.2 × 10−6 5 × 10−7 5.0 × 10−2
Cell membrane dielectric permittivity (ε 1, As/Vm) 4.4 × 10−11 1.8 × 10−11 8.8 × 10−11
Cytoplasmic conductivity (σ 1, S/m) 1.2 - -
Cytoplasmic dielectric permittivity (ε 2, As/Vm) 6.4 × 10−10 3.5 × 10−10 7.0 × 10−10
Cell radius (R, μm) 10 1 100
Membrane thickness (d, nm) 5 3 7
Electric field intensity (E, V/m) 200,000 --